The Global Index is designed to equip governments, civil society, and stakeholders with the evidence needed to advance rights-based principles for the responsible use of AI

How do we measure the evolution of commitment and progress on the implementation of responsible AI principles and practice?

About the Global Index on Responsible AI

    There is a global consensus that AI must be used responsibly if societies around the world are to enjoy the benefits of AI while avoiding the risks associated with even greater social and economic inequalities. Practically, this means that the governance of AI must ensure that innovations are inclusive, accountable, environmentally sustainable, and uphold human rights.

    Significant advances have been made on principles to guide the ethical use of AI, including the OECD Principles on AI Ethics and, more recently, the UNESCO Recommendation on Ethics in AI, but new approaches are required to advance the implementation of these principles for responsible, human rights-based AI within both the public and private sectors.

    To make progress in advancing responsible AI, it is critical to know and understand the current state-of-play, as well as be able to track progress over time. This project will establish the Global Index on Responsible AI to address the need for inclusive, measurable indicators that reflect a shared understanding of what responsible AI means in practice, and track the implementation of responsible AI principles by governments and key stakeholders.

    With this new evidence benchmarking the state of responsible AI use on a country by country basis, government and community leaders will be able to develop and implement plans to strengthen national initiatives to support the responsible use of AI and track progress moving forward.

    A Human Rights-based Approach

    The Global Index is a new rights-based tool being developed to support a broad range of actors in advancing responsible AI practices. It is intended to provide a comprehensive, reliable, independent, and comparative benchmark for assessing progress toward responsible AI the world over.

    The Global Index will bolster the capacity of governments, civil society organisations, and other stakeholders in countries around the world to uphold rights-based responsible AI principles by providing analysis and benchmarking data to improve accountability, develop more precise policy interventions, refine best practices, and encourage regional and international cooperation.

    One of the key innovations of the Global Index is the development of a fully-integrated human rights-based approach as a foundation for the comparative dimensions of the Index. This encompasses the codification of human rights obligations that align to accepted ethical AI principles and establish concrete benchmarks for responsible AI. In addition, the methodology is being developed to reflect national realities around the realisation of socio-economic rights, available resources, and the diverse conditions within individual countries, while assessing progress toward universally applicable benchmarks.



    Establishing benchmarks for responsible AI


    Assessing country conditions to support and promote responsible AI


    Realising principles through implementation, evaluation and accountability


    Providing evidence to decision-makers around the world to advance the responsible use of AI and promote digital inclusion


Inclusion & Participation

The Global Index will be co-created with a wide range of stakeholders to ensure its broadest possible use with a specific emphasis on including the perspectives of underserved and marginalised groups.

Fairness & Relevance

The Global Index will fairly reflect local contexts and realities and measure a country’s level of responsible AI in relation to available resources and capacities.

Accessibility & Openness

The Global Index and all data will be accessible to all stakeholders and researchers wishing to understand or re-use the data.

Coherence & Collaboration

The Global Index will align with other instruments being developed to support the responsible use of AI worldwide in partnership with key organisations like UNESCO and the OECD.

Who we are


Rachel Adams

Dr. Rachel Adams is Principal Investigator of the Global Index on Responsible AI. She is also the principal researcher at Research ICT Africa, where she directs the AI4D Africa Just AI Project and the AI4D African Observatory on Responsible AI. Rachel is an Associate Fellow of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence at the University of Cambridge, Editor of the South African Journal on Human Rights, and a member of the UNESCO Expert Group on the Implementation of the UNESCO Recommendation on AI in Ethics.


Ana Florido

Ana has a bachelor degree in Sociology at the Universidad de Buenos Aires, in Argentina, and a master degree in progress in Social Research Methodology, National University of 3 de Febrero. She has worked as data analyst, project manager and research coordinator in the public and private sector, being Sr Analyst, evaluation and learning at Norte Grande Competitiveness in National Ministry of Economy of Argentina, working with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); Research and Development Coordinator (R&D) at AMBA Experimental Station at the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) and recently worked as a data consultant for the Global Data Barometer.


Diana Nyakundi

Diana Nyakundi is a Researcher and the Network Coordinator for the Global Index on Responsible AI. Diana is an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya and an AI Fellow at Research ICT Africa where she leads a project assessing the impacts of AI on children and their rights, leads the African Observatory on Responsible AI project, that seeks to promote African voices and experiences on the global debate around responsible AI. She holds a law degree from the University of Nairobi, an Executive Certificate in Law, Policy, and Technology from IE University in Spain and an AI Policy Analyst Certification from the Centre of AI and Digital Policy.


Jackline Akello

Jackie Akello is a Researcher for the Global Index on Responsible AI. Jackie is a lawyer specialising in ICT law and global tech policy. Her interest lies at the intersection between technology, law, and human rights. Her specialty involves conducting multi-disciplinary research on digital governance, policy, and regulation that facilitates evidence-based and informed policymaking on digital technologies. Jackie currently holds an Internet of Rights Fellowship at Article 19 where she is examining cybersecurity threats in community networks and their advancement of human rights. She is passionate about developing policy frameworks that contribute to the inclusive and sustainable growth of communities.


Fiona Chawana

Fiona is the Social Media Officer of the Global Index on Responsible AI. She is a communications researcher and consultant with a Masters in Media Studies from the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa. Her primary interest is in research and policy development related to the use of data for the public good.


Nicolás Grossman

Nicolás Grossman is the Deputy Project Director of the Global Index on Responsible AI. He is a sociologist and journalist specialising in research and open data. Previously, he was the Data and Research Lead for the Global Data Barometer and led the Open Data and Data Journalism strategy of Properati, a private-sector platform using open data in Latin America. He has a Bachelor’s degree from the University of Buenos Aires and is concluding his Master’s in International Political Sociology at the National University of Tres de Febrero, where he studies the challenges of big data and AI in less developed countries.


Nokuthula Olorunju

Nokuthula Olorunju is a Researcher of the Global Index on Responsible AI. She is an attorney and researcher who holds an LLB and LLM with a focus on Cyberlaw/Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Law. She has written on issues of gender equality, human rights, AI, the judiciary, and is currently pursuing a PhD in the field of human rights and artificial intelligence.


Nawal Omar

Nawal is the Data and Knowledge Scientist of the Global Index on Responsible AI. Nawal is a researcher with experience handling a diverse set of projects for different organisations related to social and public research, as well as in information systems, data management, strategic planning, and policy analysis. Nawal holds a Master's degree in Information Systems with a major in Business Intelligence, a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science, and an Honours degree from the School of Mathematics, University of Khartoum.


Zara Schroeder

Zara Schroeder is a Researcher and Communications Coordinator of the Global Index on Responsible AI. Zara holds a Master’s degree in Public Sociology and Anthropology from Stellenbosch University. Zara is skilled in research methods and qualitative data analysis. She also has a wide background in supporting non-governmental organisations in South Africa in enhancing the visibility and impact of their work. Zara’s research interests lie in the intersectionalities between digital and social inequalities, gender and AI, children and AI, and participatory action and AI.


Kelly Stone

Kelly is the Director of Research and Capacity Building of the Global Index on Responsible AI. She is a Policy Development and Research Advisor based in Cape Town, South Africa. She holds a Doctor of Jurisprudence and a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology & Philosophy, and has been working to advance the social, political, and technical capacities of persons across the Global South since 2006.

Expert Advisory Committee

The role of the Expert Advisory Committee (EAC) is to oversee the scientific accuracy and global relevance of the Global Index. Made up of a diverse group of international experts on artificial intelligence, the EAC will play a key oversight role with respect to the inclusivity of the methodology and design of the Global Index. The group will also work to ensure that the Global Index builds on and complements existing activities to advance ethical and responsible AI.

The Expert Advisory Committee will:

  • Advise on the scientific accuracy and relevance of the Global Index.
  • Advise on priority areas and topics to be covered by the Global Index.
  • Review the methodological framework and indicators of the Global Index.
  • Promote the complementarity of the Global Index with existing activities and standards on responsible and ethical AI.

EAC Membership advances gender equality at all times and includes regional representation from across the Global South and Global North, as well as the participation of global organisations.

  • The first meeting of the Expert Advisory Committee was held on the 23rd November 2021. Committee members discussed the importance of the Global Index in advancing enforceable rights-based governance of AI around the world.
  • The second Expert Advisory Committee meeting took place on the 24th February 2022. The committee had an opportunity to discuss the human rights themes and selected indicators of the Global Index.

Expert Advisory Committee Members

Alison Gillwald

Executive Director

Research ICT Africa

Ashley Casovan

Executive Director

Responsible AI Institute

Aubra​ Anthony

Senior Fellow, Technology and International Affairs Program

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Dafna Feinholz

Chief of Bioethics and Ethics of Science and Technology


Ed Teather

Director of AI Initiatives

Global Partnership on AI

Helani Galpaya

Executive Director


Huguette Diakabana

Digital Health Advisor and Co-founder

African Alliance of Digital Health Networks

Kanta Dihal

Senior Research Fellow & Principal Investigator

Global AI Narratives | Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence, University of Cambridge

Karine Perset

Head of Unit

Artificial Intelligence Policy Observatory - OECD

Lacina Kone

Director General of Smart Africa

Smart Africa

Nagla Rizk

Professor of Economics & Founding Director

Access to Knowledge for Development Center - American University in Cairo

Paula Ricaurte

Profesora Investigadora Asociada, Tecnológico de Monterrey

Feminist AI Network

Rachel Adams

Chair, Expert Advisory Committee

Research ICT Africa

Sophie Fallaha

Executive Director

International Centre of Expertise in Montreal on AI (CEIMIA)

Sriganesh Lokanathan

Data Innovation & Policy Lead

UN Global Pulse

Stephen Walker


Data for Development Research Hub (D4D.net)

Teki Akuetteh

Founder and Executive Director

Africa Digital Rights’ Hub

Urvashi Aneja

Director and Founder

Digital Futures Lab, India

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